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Of late a question has emerged in the Kenyan print, electronic and social media regarding who is best suited to be the President of Kenya in 2022 and beyond. Simply put: Will the President come from the sons and daughters of millionaires and billionaires who inherited their money, property, and political leadership positions from their parents who acquired their wealth through primitive accumulation, state positions, corruption, and unbridled capitalism consequently ravaging the country and the masses to this day?


Or should the President emerge from the sons and daughters of the poor peasants and workers who rose from the underclass and somehow managed to acquire and own billions of money and immense properties which helped them to wriggle themselves into the positions of political and economic power in the country that they occupy today?


To be specific, is it the likes of Uhuru, Raila, Gideon or Musalia, the sons of Kenyatta, Odinga, Moi, and Mudavadi, respectively, who inherited and benefited immensely from their fathers' political positions, influence and wealth and who today are conspiring to unite to control and perpetuate the political dynasties through the so-called Handshake, Building Bridges Initiative (BBI) constitutional amendments, and other arrangements for the coming 2022 national elections?


Or is it the so-called hustlers, the likes of William Ruto, Kalonzo Musyoka and Co, the sons and daughters of poor peasants and workers and who claim to have earned their wealth and political positions not from inheritance but "through hustling and solid personal efforts and initiatives"?


These questions are discussed and debated every day in public platforms including public meetings, media, churches, mosques and funerals. President Uhuru Kenyatta too entered this debate a few months ago during his late father's "last national anniversary". He said that to be a leader in and for Kenya, it does not matter who is or was your father or mother or what social class you come or came from. The most important thing, he said, is that you are ready and committed to serving Kenyans as a good leader. His concept of a good leader is not, of course, similar to that of the Communist Party of Kenya (CPK).


The President's Handshake - BBI friend, conspirator and collaborator ODM leader Raila Odinga, the populist politician son of the progressive nationalist, the late Jaramogi Oginga Odinga, the first Vice President of Kenya, entered this debate too, several times with similar views as Uhuru’s. He repeated the question during the burial of the second President of Kenya, Daniel Moi, to defend the right of Kenya's ruling class to perpetuate their reactionary political and economic dynasties in power claiming that all Kenyans originated from poverty and therefore have equal rights and opportunities in the struggle for political power through multiparty elections!


At the same time, the so-called hustlers', William Ruto and his supporters, have been warning Kenyans against perpetuating the political and economic dynasties of Kenya in power if the country is to change and move forward. They have been calling upon Kenyans to use their votes to stop the continuation of political and economic dynasties in 2022 by electing Ruto, the son of a peasant, to be President of Kenya - a person of their class origin. What they do not say, however, is that originating from the same class does not necessarily mean we belong to the same class today.


Ordinary people too have also not been left out of the debate either: is it a rich or poor person who will save Kenya? Who is best suited to be Kenya's President after Uhuru's term expires? Should it be a person from the class of the rich or that of the poor? From the working class or the capitalist class? From the common men and women or the wealthy elites?


It is for the above reasons, and the importance of the question of leadership in the struggle for social and national liberation, that we wish to state the position of the Communist Party of Kenya (CPK) in this debate. CPK's position also appears in the article "2022 Elections, Kenyans think out of the box!" which is published in the Website of the party: www.communistpartyofkenya@org. It is the Marxist Leninist position regarding revolutionary struggles, leadership, and political power which is informed by historical materialism.


To begin with, history has shown that being from a rich or poor class does not automatically determine the role an individual could or could not play in progressive or revolutionary struggle and leadership. What is important is what class position and ideology one embraces and identifies within the struggle for leadership, and what socio-economic system the leadership contest is all about. It is a question concerning whether the leader is progressive or reactionary, revolutionary or counterrevolutionary, in a specific material and historical conditions.


A few examples from history will suffice to elaborate on this.


In history, Jesus Christ who was the son of poor parents from the class of slaves in the nation then under Roman colonialism decided to identify with his class of slaves and fought against the reactionary ideas and practices of maintaining the status quo of slavery and colonialism.


Jesus always identified with his class and struggled for the liberation of poor and common men and women. He was a revolutionary of his time who always combatted reactionary ideas and the oppressive system of slavery and colonialism.  For this, he was condemned to death by the class of Jew slave owners and the Roman colonial authorities both of who he threatened and who crucified him on the cross as a consequence.


Fortunately, history is always kind to revolutionaries and people's heroes who sacrifice for the freedom and liberation of the majority: thus for his heroic revolutionary contribution and sacrifice for the masses of his time, Jesus Christ the son of a poor carpenter who was murdered when he was only 33 years old left a great historical legacy. Today 2020 years after his death Jesus Christ is still remembered and is even worshipped as God. 


Now, had Saul not lived and turned into Paul by abandoning the reactionary ideas of the class of slave owners to which he was born, and by renouncing the slavery and colonial systems of the exploiters and oppressors, there would not have been Christianity today.


Unlike Jesus, Paul was born from the privileged class of slave owners and as a consequence was able to receive good education to become a great intellectual, thinker, and philosopher of his time. After opposing the revolutionary ideas of Jesus and persecuting his disciples he one day saw the light, committed class suicide, and joined the class of the poor and oppressed of his time in the liberation struggle against slavery and Roman colonialism.


Paul's commitment to his Christian ideas - that were progressive and even revolutionary then - and that he not only articulated, wrote about and preached eloquently while spreading the Christian gospel in the course of his extensive travels throughout the region then, threatened the Jewish slave owners ruling class and the state of the Roman empire.


As a consequence, Paul was arrested, imprisoned, tortured, and persecuted many times over before he was finally brutally executed for his militant revolutionary Christian ideas and activities that he refused to denounce.


But for his Christian ideology and leadership at the time, Paul managed to leave behind the legacy of salvaging Christianity by taking it from the Jews and spreading it to the whole World. Today he is celebrated as a saint. Paul is in the Bible and his ideas which form the basis of Christian philosophy are read and studied every day.


Karl Marx did not come from the class of the poor but from the middle class. His parents were educated civil servants of the royal administration. But this did not stop him from becoming the founder of scientific communism. Marx who achieved higher university education at young age identified his role as a human being: an independent, conscious, creative social being, and committed himself to his revolutionary obligations under the historical and material conditions of his time. He stretched his intellectual capabilities to unimaginable levels in the service of the struggle for total freedom and liberation of human individuals and society: communism.


Marx not only founded the revolutionary theory and ideology for the liberation struggle of the working class and all the exploited and oppressed, but he was also a militant mobiliser, organiser and leader of international worker's political parties and organizations. For this, he was feared by the authorities of the feudal and capitalist classes and was always persecuted throughout Europe. 


Despite the life of hardship and poverty that was imposed upon him by the states of the exploiters and oppressors, Marx, by sheer persistence, struggle, commitment, and revolutionary resilience managed to leave to the World the legacy of the theory and ideology of scientific communism that guides socialist revolutionary struggles to this day.


Marx's lifetime friend, comrade, and devoted collaborator in founding scientific socialism and in organising and leading workers' revolutionary struggles was Fredrick Engels. Fredrick Engels, an organic great communist intellectual, was the son of a rich industrialist. He was from the bourgeoisie class. But this did not prevent him from identifying with the working class and socialist revolutionaries and with Marx in fighting for communism, freedom, and liberation of the poor in theory and practice. Were it not for his frequent financial and moral contributions to Marx and Marx's family, Marx would not have been able to accomplish the great revolutionary tasks he did despite his unsurpassed resilience. After his death, Fredrick Engels remains a communist legend side by side with Karl Marx.


Vladimir Lenin was the son of a middle-class family that was even known to the royal class of Russia of Tsar Nicolas. However, this did not prevent him from identifying with the workers and working-class and organising and leading their revolutionary struggle that ultimately triumphed as the first socialist revolution in the World, the Great October 1917 Revolution. Lenin the leader of the first socialist country in the World made such a significant contribution to the theory, ideology, and practice of socialism that today his name appears side by side with that of the founder of scientific communism: thus Marxism Leninism. 


Joseph Stalin was the son of a shoemaker and a mother from a humble working-class background. His family was always living and struggling with the social contradictions and hardships of the families and homes of the working class and the poor. Despite this and early religious influence, Stalin gained class consciousness, identified with his class origin, adopted communism, and became one of the greatest communist underground mobilisers of the workers in the struggle against Tsarist feudalism and capitalism. He was a distinguished follower of Lenin and Marx in theory and practice and left a wealth of literature in this regard.


After the death of Lenin, Stalin, despite having been born in Georgia, took over from Lenin as the leader of the Communist Party of Russia and the Soviet Union. It was Stalin and his leadership that mobilised communists, the working class, and the anti-fascist forces of Russia, Soviet Union, Europe, and the World that after one of the greatest sacrifices ever made by human beings, managed to defeat Hitler and liberate the World from fascism.


Apart from his contributions to the theory and practice of socialism and socialist internationalism, Stalin led Russia towards becoming a great scientific, technological, industrial, and military superpower in the World. Thus despite his humble background Stalin is remembered as a communist revolutionary leader and legend. 


Mao Tse Tung was the son of a rich farmer and peasant. However, Mao identified with the peasants, workers, the poor, and all the people of China exploited and oppressed by feudalism, capitalism, colonialism, and imperialism.


Having adopted communism as the ideology of the struggle for the liberation and freedom of the exploited and oppressed, Chairman Mao expounded Marxism - Leninism in theory and practice, making a huge and significant contribution to its scientific development and application to the revolutionary struggle of his country and the World.


Mao perfected the theory of peoples' war and created a large communist army, movement, and party that applied guerrilla war tactics and strategies, among others in the peoples' war that defeated feudalism, capitalism, Japanese and US imperialism, and established the socialist state in China in 1949.


A comrade of Joseph Stalin, Chairman Mao was a great communist internationalist who provided theoretical, moral, and material support to the anti-colonial and anti-imperialist struggles in the World. Under his communist leadership of China, Mao led the building of the foundation of the socialist development path that transformed China from a peasant and feudal economy into a great scientific, technological, industrial, military and economic superpower it is today.


Kim Ill Il Sung was the son of poor working-class parents but who were educated and had always been patriots and revolutionaries. His family made great sacrifices in the course of the struggle for the liberation of Korea from Japanese colonialism, feudalism, and capitalism. 


A great example of a communist hero from a tender age, Kim Il Sung formed, organised and led Korea's national liberation struggle and communist army and movement that was at the vanguard of the war that liberated North Korea from Japanese fascist colonialism. 


After independence from Japanese colonialism, Kim Il Sung also led the war that defeated the invasion of his country by US imperialism. His juche communist ideology has transformed North Korea from a poor and backward feudal peasant economy dominated by foreign capitalism, colonialism, and imperialism into a true independent industrial self-reliant socialist nation that makes imperialism tremble.


A communist internationalist leader, Kim Il Sung was always at the forefront of offering moral and material solidarity to the people and nations in the World struggling for social and national liberation. After independence, many Kenyans received higher and technical education from North Korea. 


Fidel Castro the leader of the Cuban revolution was the son of a Spanish immigrant who became a big landlord owning thousands of acres of land in Cuba. Yet, Fidel and his brother Raul denounced the privileges of the ruling class and joined the poor masses of Cuba from the class of peasants, former slaves and workers to fight against dictatorship, US colonialism and for democracy, social and national liberation.


After the revolution and the declaration of socialism and implementation of land reforms which included nationalisation of large estates, the Castro family land was also nationalised. Thus Fidel and his brother committed real class suicide to spearhead the socialist revolution in Cuba together with the masses and other Cuban revolutionaries. 


Today Fidel, his comrades, and brothers, amongst them a medical doctor and communist internationalist who was born in a middle-class family in Argentina - Ernesto Che Guevara - are communist heroes and icons of their kind. They have left a country that is independent, resilient, and respected amidst the longest and most brutal economic, commercial, and financial blockades ever imposed against any country by imperialism led by the United States of America. The leadership of Fidel and the Communist Party of Cuba continues to teach the World by example and selfless sacrifice how we should strive to build a society that nurtures socialist internationalism to recreate people of high moral values that use their abilities to sacrifice, work and serve humanity in their countries and World.


The Cuban doctors who volunteer and sacrifice to provide medical services to the people in need and during calamities not only in their own country but also throughout the world, including Kenya, are an example of the legacy of the communist leadership of Fidel Castro and his comrades.


In Africa, Julius Kambarage Nyerere was the son of a traditional Chief of the Zanaki in Western Tanzania near Lake Victoria. Yet, after he returned to Tanganyika from higher education studies in the United Kingdom he immediately joined the masses of his country who were then being exploited and oppressed by colonialism. Nyerere went to the forefront of the national liberation struggle of not only Tanganyika but the whole of East Africa. A convinced Pan Africanist, Nyerere was ready to delay the declaration of the independence of Tanganyika to declare it together and at the same time with that of Uganda and Kenya to form the united nation of East Africa immediately after Uhuru.


After Independence and particularly in 1967 under his guidance, Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) made the Arusha Declaration that ushered Tanzania along the development path of socialism, Ujamaa. He then united Tanganyika and Zanzibar to found Tanzania and Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) which was then a socialist party.


Under the leadership of Nyerere, Tanzania played a leading role in offering moral, political, material and military support to the struggle of the people of Southern Africa and all the people the continent and World struggling to liberate their people and nations from racism, colonialism, and imperialism, including Palestine.


Mwalimu Julius Nyerere, as he was popularly known, was a prolific writer and teacher of African socialist morality and culture. His leadership and teachings form a great legacy of revolutionary leadership that inspires the people of Tanzania who are today struggling against dictatorship, state corruption, tribalism, neo-colonial capitalism and reactionary leadership, all which is ravaging the majority of Tanzanians today and has destroyed all the socialist achievements made by Nyerere's leadership.  


Like Nyerere, Nelson Mandela was the son of a traditional Chief. Yet, from a youthful age, Mandela joined South Africa's national liberation struggle on the side of the discriminated, exploited, and oppressed majority people of South Africa. He militantly struggled against the brutal systems of apartheid, capitalism, and imperialism. As a young lawyer, he defended the poor in the courts free of charge. Mandela became a member of the African National Congress (ANC), an avid defender and mobiliser of the popular masses of his country and a founder and organiser of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the military wing of the ANC and South African Communist Party (SACP).


Mandela was arrested and tried for treason. He refused to denounce the ANC and the armed national liberation struggle - and despite his principled, articulate, and fearless defence akin to that of Fidel Castro - he was sentenced to prison for life. He served 27 years in prison for refusing to denounce the armed struggle, even after becoming the most important political prisoner in the World.


When he was finally released from prison, Mandela then at an old age reluctantly accepted to become the first Black president of South Africa. He served as President for five years. When he died Mandela left behind an everlasting legacy about the extent of which an individual can sacrifice for the cause of freedom and humane society and World.


Kwame Nkrumah, the greatest Pan - Africanist and founder President of independent Ghana, the first country in Africa to free itself from colonialism, was the son of a fishmonger father and a hawker mother. Having identified with the class of the poor and oppressed of his country and continent, Nkrumah in his later years became a committed communist. He made contributions to the theory, ideology, and practice of Marxism Leninism which he applied to the African conditions. He led the liberation struggle of Ghana and became the founder President of the country. He believed and struggled for a united socialist Africa. Nkrumah was overthrown from power by neo-colonial puppets in the service of US imperialism but his socialist vision of a United States of Africa remains as firm as a rock and will continue to inspire us the unity of African revolutionaries.


Samora Machel was the son of peasant parents. He, a migrant worker in South Africa, became a communist and was one of the founders of the FRELIMO party and movement that led the national liberation armed struggle that ultimately liberated Mozambique from the Portuguese colonialism. Samora was a committed communist, Pan - Africanist and internationalist who after the independence of Mozambique offered moral, material, and military support to liberation struggles in Southern Africa and Portuguese colonies of Angola and Guinea Bissau, Principe and Sao Tome.


Samora was assassinated by the apartheid and imperialist forces while spearheading the anti-imperialist and anti-racist war and consolidating the freedom gains made by Mozambique through following the socialist path of development.


Chris Hani was the son of a migrant worker.  His mother was a farmworker who struggled to eke a living to raise her poor and impoverished family. All this did not stop Chris from becoming an organic revolutionary intellectual, underground struggle organiser and mobiliser. Chris rose to become the commander of the military wing of the ANC. He also became the Secretary-General of the South African Communist Party (SACP).  On the eve of South Africa's independence from apartheid and colonialism, Chris was assassinated by the apartheid and imperialist forces to prevent him and the SACP from taking over leadership and political power from Mandela hence becoming the second Black President of South Africa who would have led South Africa along the development path of socialism.


Amilcar Cabral was the son of a wealthy landowning family that was also very well educated. Amilcar went into the best schools that enabled him to obtain higher education and training. Yet, Amilcar became the political and military leader of the national liberation war of the people of Guinea Bissau against Portuguese colonialism. He was a committed internationalist and socialist revolutionary and fought for the social and national liberation of the poor and all exploited and oppressed people in Africa and the World.


Amilcar was assassinated by colonial and imperialist forces on the eve of the independence of Guinea Bissau. He left a wealth of literature on the theory and ideology of socialism and people's war applied in African conditions that we still use in our revolutionary struggles today.


Kenya has also produced its own people's leaders and heroes who identified and implemented the historical tasks of their time and circumstances and made significant contributions and sacrifices for freedom and national liberation in the process. The majority of these people's heroes, who rolled forward the wheel of Kenya's history, emerged from poor peasants and working-class backgrounds to identify and perform their historical tasks for Kenya's and Africa's freedom. They were motivated not by egoism but by the desire to contribute to the struggle for freedom, social and national liberation and for human dignity that Africans were robbed of by European colonialism.


We remember our ancestors who led the resistance against Arab, Portuguese and British invasion and colonialism from early times of Kenya's history. We mention names such as Shee Mvita who was the last king of Mombasa murdered by the Portuguese invaders defending his people and nation. Mekatilili wa Meza stands out as the great woman leader of the Mijikenda who bravely led men and women to rebel against British colonialism. Mwangeka wa Malowa the militant warrior from Taita Hills refused the colonial invaders from crisscrossing Taita land as though it had no owners. We celebrate Waiyaki wa Hinga from the Kikuyu who resisted British capitalism and imperialism in the early times. We are proud of Koitalel Arap Samoei who led Nandi warriors to fight and defeat the colonial Invaders in the Rift Valley. Each Kenyan ethnic group resisted colonialism in its own way and produced its leaders and heroes accordingly.


We also celebrate the heroes of the 1920s who included Harry Thuku and Mary Muthoni Nyanjiru who led demonstrations in the streets of Nairobi and other towns against racial discrimination, the humiliation of carrying colonial passes and for worker's rights and freedom from colonialism and for the dignity of Africans in their own country. We remember their courageous struggles against the arrogance and racism perpetrated by British settlers and colonial laws against Kenyans. The blood they shed for our country in the process was not for nothing.


We do not forget the nationalists of the 1940s who provided leadership in the anti-colonial struggle by writing numerous petitions to the colonial government exposing the atrocities that were being perpetrated by the British settlers and state against Africans. Their petitions and appeals to the colonial oppressors were the seeds of the revolutionary struggle for national liberation to come. Johnstone Kamau - later known as Jomo Kenyatta - was sent to Britain by these leaders of the Kenyan masses. They organised fundraising to raise money to send him to London to deliver these appeals directly to the British government.


We shall forever celebrate the memory of the radical trade union leaders who used to meet at Kiburi House Nairobi to strategize about the struggle of worker's rights and also national liberation by using all means possible, including armed struggle. These militant leaders who included Bildad Kaggia, Eliud Mutonyi, Chege Kibacia, Makhan Singh, Isaak Gathanju and Pio Gama Pinto, were inspired and motivated not by egoistic interests but by the desire to realise worker's rights and Kenya's freedom from colonialism and the system of exploitation and oppression of person by person. It is for these reasons that they were part and parcel of the Mau Mau movement. They also disagreed with the opportunistic and selfish motives of Jomo Kenyatta before and after the independence of Kenya from British colonialism.


The Land and Freedom Army and Movement (popularly known as Mau Mau) was the highest form of the struggle for the national liberation of Kenya. In the early 1950s, when it had become apparent that Kenya would not achieve its independence through peaceful means which had been used but violated by the colonial oppressors for several decades, the sons and daughters of Kenyan peasants and workers decided to take up arms. Thus the gallant Mau Mau military leaders launched one of the first and most famous anti-colonial wars in Africa. The leaders and generals of the guerrilla war were semi-illiterate peasants' youth but despite this, they organised and fought the war that defeated the mighty colonial British army in Kenya.


The valiant Mau Mau national liberation army and movement produced some of the greatest heroes and leaders in the history of our country. These included Field Marshal Dedan Kimaathi wa Waciuri, Stanley Mathenge, Alice Mukami Kimaathi, Muriuki Kimotho - General Tanganyika, General Kariba, General China, Genera Karuiki Kago and many others. They were people's leaders and heroes because they identified their task set for them by historical circumstances and made great sacrifices in the war of national liberation of Kenya. They gave all they could to accomplish their historical obligations.


These heroes entered the forests and the underground and endured unimaginable difficulties and sufferings without giving up for the sake of the liberation of Kenya. When they were arrested, tortured, detained, and imprisoned by the colonial state, they refused to denounce the national liberation war. Many of these patriots were tortured to death or executed by the enemy in the process. They were progressive nationalists and revolutionaries with a vision of a Kenya made up of all ethnic groups of the country living and developing peacefully and united in a free and independent nation.


The Mau Mau fought for the return of the land of Kenyans, stolen by the European settlers and colonialists, to the peasants to whom it belonged and to the tillers who needed it. Their leaders dreamt of, fought for, and shed their blood for a Kenya where all citizens would live in peace, equality, and freedom with social justice without exploitation of person by person.


Those who took over the leadership of Kenya after British colonialism was forced to give Kenya her hard-won independence betrayed the struggle and vision of Mau Mau and the Kenyan heroes who had always resisted and struggled against the colonisation of our country. The present Kenyan leadership that started with that of the founder President of Kenya, Jomo Kenyatta, is part and parcel of this betrayal as they are the root cause of the political, social and economic problems of Kenya today.


Immediately after independence in 1963, there were two opposing factions of leadership in Kenya. There was the progressive leadership led by the first Vice President of Kenya Jaramogi Oginga Odinga and the other led by President Jomo Kenyatta.


Odinga was the son of a traditional Luo Chief. He received a good education and professional training. From his student and youthful age, he rebelled against colonial establishment, rule, and culture. He was a successful businessman too and became one of the richest Kenyans before and after independence.


However, all this did not stop Odinga from being a radical progressive nationalist who was at the forefront of the national liberation struggle. Being an anti-colonial militant and mobiliser he was feared and hated by the colonial authorities. Odinga played the role of organising, mobilising and uniting progressive and revolutionary organisations and forces in Kenya, Africa, and the World to demand the release of political prisoners, including Kenyatta. He refused to form a government without Kenyatta.


After independence, Odinga became the Vice President of Kenyatta. But it did not take long before the two differed and formed different political factions. The faction of Kenyatta retained the then ruling Kenya African National Union (KANU) political party and state power alongside that of second President of Kenya Daniel Arap Moi's Kenya African Democratic Union (KADU) party.


Odinga had strong links with progressive and revolutionary people, leaders and organisations in Kenya, Africa, and the World. He had connections with the Soviet Union and communist countries. Because of this, he sent many Kenyans to study in Russia, Eastern European countries, and North Korea. Among those students were his sons, Oburu who studied in Russia and Raila in East Germany. Unfortunately, like most of the students who benefited from the scholarship of the communist countries, Odinga’s sons too did not use their knowledge and experience to struggle for socialism in Kenya as Odinga would have wished. His sons returned to be defenders and beneficiaries of the neo-colonial capitalist system. The sons perpetuate reactionary tribalism politics driven by greed and self-aggrandizement while misusing their father's political legacy. 


As a consequence of his Pan Africanist and communist links and for being the leader of the Kenyan patriotic and progressive forces from all over Kenya, Odinga was not only a threat to the reactionaries in KANU led by Jomo Kenyatta and Tom Mboya but also to imperialism led by the United States of America. Through the intrigues manufactured by the US intelligence services and executed by, among others, Tom Mboya, Odinga, and his comrades were frustrated out of the government and KANU.


When this happened Odinga and his comrades immediately formed Kenya People’s Union (KPU). KPU gathered together Kenyan patriots, progressives, and revolutionaries from all ethnic groups and demanded the end of the dictatorship, land grabbing, corruption, greed, tribalism, and nepotism of the Kenyatta regime. Odinga was arrested and detained many times by the Kenyatta regime as other progressive patriots including Bildad Kaggia, Peter Young Kihara, and Oyangi Mbaja. Others like Pio Gama Pinto, Kungu wa Karumba, and later Josiah Mwangi Kariuki were assassinated by the regime that was determined to maintain its dictatorship and tribal-based neo-colonial capitalist system at all costs.


Yet, Jomo Kenyatta was the son of ordinary peasant parents. He was a worker at the City Council of Nairobi. Because he was educated, the anticolonial petitioners who were illiterate or semi-illiterate singled him out and mobilised funds and sent him to London to take their petitions directly to the British government from there. While in the UK he met and mingled with many Pan Africanists and even communists. Upon return to Kenya in the early 1950s at the eve of Mau Mau uprising, Kenyatta was associated with Mau Mau and militant nationalists and imprisoned. He was a very popular political prisoner and people from all over the World demonstrated demanding his release.


The Kenyan masses loved and believed Kenyatta so much that when he was finally released from prison they built a house for him. Odinga, Kenyan nationalists, and patriots made him the leader and the first President of Kenya. But no sooner had he become President than he betrayed the wishes and aspiration for the independence of the Kenyan masses. He became the leading land grabber in the country. His regime is remembered for dictatorship, tribalism, nepotism, corruption, greed, political assassinations, and the system of exploitation of person by person. The foundation of neo-colonial capitalism impeding the sustainable development, social and national progress of Kenya today was constructed by colonialism and sustained by the Kenyatta regime. 


The successive Presidents and their regimes from Daniel Moi, Mwai Kibaki and Uhuru Kenyatta follow the nyayo or footsteps of Jomo Kenyatta to maintain the status quo of neo-colonial capitalism that continues to marginalise and ravage the majority of Kenyans who languish in the cycle of poverty and underdevelopment in a country that is the that is the largest economy in the region.


This brings us back to the original question, who is best suited to be the President of Kenya in the 2022 national elections? Is it the sons and daughters of millionaires and billionaires who inherited their money, property, and political leadership positions from their parents who acquired them through primitive accumulation, state positions, corruption, and unbridled capitalism ravaging the country and the masses to this day?


Or should the President emerge from the sons and daughters of the poor peasants and workers who rose from the underclass and somehow managed to acquire and own billions of money and immense properties which helped them to wriggle themselves into the positions of political and economic power in the country that they occupy today? 


We have seen from examples cited in this article that being a progressive or reactionary leader does not necessarily depend on the class origin of the person. Rather it depends on the class position the person identifies with, his ideology, and the political system adopted by his leadership. A person from the ruling class of exploiters and oppressors could become a people's leader if he or she joins the class of the exploited and oppressed and champions their class struggle aimed at overthrowing the reactionary system and instead establishing a progressive one without exploitation of person by person.


On the other hand, a person may be born of the class of the poor exploited and oppressed but adopt the ideology of the exploiters and oppressors and take the side of maintaining the status quo of the capitalist system.


The capitalist system is reactionary as it is based on the exploitation of person by person. The socialist system is progressive as it is based on class equality and the elimination of exploitation of person by person. Leaders who strive to maintain the capitalist system are the enemies of the majority of the people and impede freedom, liberation, and social progress. Leaders who join the masses to struggle for and build socialism are people's leaders and heroes as they are on the side of history and that of the majority of the people.


The current crop of politicians and their political parties that Kenyans are made to choose from by the press to vote for as President in the 2022 national elections - Uhuru Kenyatta, Raila Odinga, Kalonzo Musyoka, Gideon Moi, Musalia Mudavadi and Moses Wetangula - are not suitable leaders for the majority of the people and country. They will add no value to the struggle of uniting the country and of using the country's rich human and natural resources sustainably to eliminate poverty, landlessness, inequality, and underdevelopment. These reactionary leaders strive to stop the wheel of history from rolling forward. They use the capitalist system that includes the state to roll back the progressive reforms made by Kenyans hitherto.


Some of these leaders inherited thousands of acres of land stolen by their parents from Kenyans many of who are either squatters, landless or poor peasants with hardly enough land to eke a living. They wish to be in power to protect the land and property that was grabbed by their parents. They are therefore an impediment to the struggle for progressive land reforms. They are motivated by greed, egoism, and the worship of money and therefore work to conserve the neo-colonial capitalist system in Kenya.


Those like Kalonzo Musyoka, William Ruto, and Moses Wetangula who are sons of peasants and workers have amassed land, property, money, and wealth and have abandoned their class origins and joined the ruling class of Kenya to defend the capitalist system of exploitation of person by person. Like the leaders of Jubilee, KANU, and ODM political parties they are now part and parcel of the reactionary politics of tribalism, corruption, and reaction.


There also are governors and members of the civil society that are preparing to join the race of the Presidential elections in 2022. Some of them are still members of the parties of the ruling classes of Kenya and hope the parties will nominate them to vie for the seat of the President when the time comes. Others are searching for parties or coalitions outside those of the ruling classes to offer them the tickets to vie with.


The individuals in these categories cite what they think is their good performance as governors of their counties as enough reasons to be trusted with the top leadership of Kenya. The problem is that they also believe that the capitalist system that has failed to bring freedom and development to the majority of Kenyans hitherto could be reformed to liberate the country. Yet, the progressive reforms made by and through the Constitution of Kenya of 2010 - and that the ruling parties of the ruling classes led by Uhuru Kenyatta and Raila Odinga through Handshake and BBI are already dismantling - have not succeeded to remove the system of exploitation of person by person. 


History continues to reveal that the majority of Kenyans cannot be liberated within the capitalist system. Capitalism and its inherent social contradictions are so entrenched in our country that ultimately it does not need to be reformed but must be annihilated and replaced by socialism for the country to progress. Leaders who are afraid of this truth are not and cannot be the saviours of the majority of the people of Kenya. We should not elect the next President of Kenya from among them.


CPK's candidate for President of Kenya in 2022 will be a person committed to transforming Kenya from a capitalist state and society into a socialist state and society. It does not matter which ethnicity or race he or she comes from, we shall embrace him or her as our candidate as long as he or she is committed to leading Kenya along the socialist path of development. He or she may be from a working-class or capitalist class background. We shall vote for him or her as long as he or she is a person committed to the cause of moving Kenya towards socialism.


Yes, the road towards socialism in Kenya as elsewhere in the world will not follow a straight line. It will of necessity take into account the historical and material conditions of Kenya. It will also demand the creative application of scientific socialism. Socialism will develop not in a straight line but zigzags, leaps and bounds, one step forward two steps backward while passing through the progressive reforms made hitherto by the national constitution of 2010, with the ultimate destination being socialism.


I reiterate, to find and get a suitable President for Kenya in 2022 national elections Kenyans must choose from outside the box. Choosing from outside the box must mean rejecting the present package of leaders and parties popularised by the press, intelligence services, and public money. It must mean electing a President committed to transforming Kenya from a capitalist oriented country to a socialist-oriented country.  



Mwandawiro Mghanga




01 May 2021 10:05

The Communist Party of Kenya (CPK) sends greetings of comradeship and solidarity to you Kenyan workers and your fellow workers of the World as you commemorate this year's historical International Labour Day! We reiterate the communist's slogan to workers of the World by the founder of scientific communism, Karl Marx: Workers of the World unite! You have nothing to lose but your chains! The Kenyan society will always be grateful to you workers for being the primary movers of the economy and culture of our nation through your labour. CPK is a workers’ political party since we champion the cla [ ... ]

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29 Apr 2021 19:22

 This year, 2021, is hundred years since the founding of the great Communist Party of China. In the name of Socialist Internationalism, CPK takes this opportunity to extend this message of congratulations, friendship, and revolutionary solidarity to the leadership and membership of CPC as you commemorate the long and rich history of your party. CPC has led the great people of China to liberate themselves and their nation from feudalism, brutal Japanese colonialism, and imperialism led by the United States of America.  Through the CPC leadership, China has succeeded in making immense economi [ ... ]

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23 Apr 2021 09:21

A book Review by Regina Mutheu The Spoken autobiography ‘My Life’ by Ignacio Ramonet was first published in Spanish in 2006, following over a hundred hours of interview with Fidel Castro, and was translated into English in 2008. In the first Chapter, Ramonet states that the idea to write the Autobiography came to him in February 2002 when Comrade Fidel Castro engaged him and Joseph Stiglitz, an economics Nobel Laureate, on the effects of globalisation, and the need for a movement to counter it. Fidel's clarity and quickness to analysis, knowledge, and passion for emerging revolutionary i [ ... ]

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23 Apr 2021 09:20

Book Review by Mukami Kamau   The autobiography, “Mau Mau from Within” provides vivid details of the peasant revolt that took over the then British Colony of Kenya in the early 1950’s. The book is chronologically written in a descriptive style telling of the life and times of the writer, Karari Njama, who was a participant and leader in the Kenya Land and Freedom Army. Through the propaganda and lies of the colonial government, the Guerrilla Army was painted negatively, and the freedom fighters were given the name Mau Mau. The co-author of the autobiography, Donald L. Barnett was an  [ ... ]

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